HKU POP releases findings on people’s feeling towards different governments and peoplessBack

 
Press Release on December 3, 2013

| Abstract | Latest Figures | Opinion Daily | Commentary | Future Releases (Tentative) |
Detailed Findings (Feeling towards different governments/Feeling towards different peoples) |


Abstract

The Public Opinion Programme (POP) at the University of Hong Kong conducted a double stage survey on Hong Kong citizens’ feeling towards different governments and peoples in November, by means of random telephone interviews conducted by real interviewers. The survey shows that in terms of net affinity Hong Kong people feel much more positively about other peoples than their governments. Regarding the four cross-strait societies, the net affinity of Hong Kong people towards fellow Hong Kong people is 58 percentage points higher than that towards the Hong Kong SAR government, that towards Taiwan people is 34 percentage points higher than that towards the Taiwan government, that towards Macau people is 11 percentage points higher than that towards the Macau government, that towards Mainland Chinese people is 4 percentage points higher than that towards the Mainland Chinese government. It should be noted that the net value of Hong Kong people’s affinity towards Mainland Chinese has improved from negative 15 percentage points 6 months ago to negative 5 percentage points this time. As for countries and regions outside the cross-strait regions, Hong Kong people seem to dislike the governments of the Philippines, Japan, the United States and Thailand whereas they seem to like all peoples rather than dislike them, except with the people of the Philippines. These findings are worth studying by various governments. Moreover, compared to 6 months ago, Hong Kong people’s positive feelings towards the governments of Singapore, Canada and Australia, and their negative feelings towards the governments of Japan and the Phlippines, in terms of net values, are all at their new highs since 1997. Among them, their net negative feeling towards the Filippino government has reached 89 percentge points, which warrants attention. As for other reasons affecting the ups and downs of various figures, readers can make their own judgment using detailed records shown in our ‘Opinion Daily’ feature page. It should be noted, however, that our survey only covers regions and countries best known to Hong Kong people. Hong Kong people may well like or dislike other places much more, but because they are not the most well-known places, they do not appear on the list by design. The maximum sampling error of all percentages is between +/-1 and +/-4 percentage points at 95% confidence level while the sampling error of net values need another calculation. The response rate of the second stage opinion survey is 66%.

Points to note:

[1] The address of the “HKU POP SITE” is http://hkupop.hku.hk, journalists can check out the details of the survey there.

[2] The sample size of the first stage naming survey is 1,026 successful interviews, not 1,026 x 68.7% response rate, while the sample size of the second stage rating survey is 1,030 successful interviews, not 1,030 x 66.3% response rate. In the past, many media made this mistake.
[3] “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. When quoting these figures, journalists can state “sampling error of various percentages not more than +/-4% and sampling error of net values not more than +/-6% at 95% confidence level”.
[4] Because of sampling errors in conducting the survey(s) and the rounding procedures in processing the data, the figures cannot be too precise, and the totals may not be completely accurate. Therefore, when quoting percentages of the survey(s), journalists should refrain from reporting decimal places, but when quoting the rating figures, one decimal place can be used.
[5] The data of this survey is collected by means of random telephone interviews conducted by real interviewers, not by any interactive voice system (IVS). If a research organization uses “computerized random telephone survey” to camouflage its IVS operation, it should be considered unprofessional.




Latest Figures

POP today releases on schedule via the "POP SITE" the survey findings on Hong Kong people’s feeling towards different governments and peoples. These surveys on governments are conducted at least once a year since 1997, while the surveys on peoples only began in 2007, this being the thirteenth time. As a general practice, all figures released today have been weighted according to provisional figures obtained from the Census and Statistics Department regarding the gender-age distribution of the Hong Kong population in 2013 mid-year. Herewith the contact information for the latest survey:

 

Date of survey

Overall sample size

Response rate

Sampling error of percentages [6]

14-21/11/2013
(First stage naming survey)

1,026

68.7%

+/-3%

22-28/11/2013
(Second stage opinion survey)

1,030

66.3%

+/-3%

[6] Calculated at 95% confidence level using full sample size. “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Questions using only sub-samples would have bigger sample error. For this survey, the sub-sample size of all questions has been controlled to no less than 500. Corresponding sampling errors have been reported in the statistical tables.

 

The research design of our survey on “people’s feeling towards different governments and peoples” has been explained in detail under “Survey Method” in our corresponding web page. For many years, POP have selected 15 regions and countries that are best known to Hong Kong people, and conducted surveys to measure people’s feeling towards the governments of these places. Our primary objective was to map Hong Kong people’s cosmopolitan view over time. In 2007, we improved our research design. Our mid-2007 survey was divided into two stages, namely, a naming survey and an opinion survey. In the 2007 year-end survey, we further added the people module to the survey. In specific terms, in our naming survey, other than Hong Kong, Mainland China, Taiwan and Macau, respondents can name, unaided, up to ten regions or countries which they know best. The four cross-strait regions together with 12 other regions and countries most frequently mentioned in the naming stage were then shortlisted into the second stage, with their governments and peoples rated by respondents as “very positive”, “quite positive”, “half-half”, “quite negative” or “very negative”. In our first stage survey conducted on November 14 to 21, the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Japan and Australia were mentioned most frequently. Please refer to the relevant table in our website for the rest of the list. Our second stage survey was conducted on November 22 to 28. The following table summarizes the findings of Hong Kong people’s feeling towards the governments and peoples of the four cross-strait regions.

Date of survey

23-30/5/12

16-20/11/12

25-27/5/13

22-28/11/13

Sample base

1,052

1,024

1,031

1,030

Overall response rate

67.3%

65.9%

67.3%

66.3%

Feeling towards different governments / peoples [8]

Finding

Finding

Finding

Base[9]

Finding and error [7]

Latest change[10]

Net difference with gov’ts / peoples

Hong Kong

People Positive

51%

44%[11]

46%

633

56+/-4%

+10%[11]

+58%

People Negative

8%

8%

9%

633

11+/-3%

+2%

Net value

43%

36%[11]

37%

--

45+/-5%

+8%[11]

Government Positive

23%[11]

27%

19%[11]

633

27+/-4%

+8%[11]

-58%

Government Negative

36%[11]

23%[11]

35%[11]

633

40+/-4%

+5%[11]

Net value

-13%

4%[11]

-16%[11]

--

-13+/-6%

+3%

Mainland

People Positive

28%[11]

27%

21%[11]

620

27+/-4%

+6%[11]

+4%

People Negative

29%

26%

36%[11]

620

32+/-4%

-4%

Net value

-1%

1%

-15%[11]

--

-5+/-6%

+10%[11]

Government Positive

28%[11]

29%

20%[11]

620

28+/-4%

+8%[11]

-4%

Government Negative

32%

25%[11]

37%[11]

620

37+/-4%

--

Net value

-4%

4%[11]

-17%[11]

--

-9+/-6%

+8%[11]

Taiwan

People Positive

57%[11]

51%[11]

57%[11]

627

60+/-4%

+3%

+34%

People Negative

5%

2%[11]

3%[11]

627

4+/-2%

+1%

Net value

52%

49%

54%

--

56+/-5%

+2%

Government Positive

38%[11]

31%[11]

35%

627

37+/-4%

+2%

-34%

Government Negative

11%[11]

8%[11]

8%

627

15+/-3%

+7%[11]

Net value

27%

23%

27%

--

22+/-5%

-5%

Macau

People Positive

52%[11]

48%

48%

611

57+/-4%

+9%[11]

+11%

People Negative

2%

1%

1%

611

3+/-1%

+2%[11]

Net value

50%

47%

47%

--

54+/-5%

+7%[11]

Government Positive

51%[11]

51%

45%[11]

611

52+/-4%

+7%[11]

-11%

Government Negative

10%

7%[11]

7%

611

9+/-2%

+2%

Net value

41%

44%

38%[11]

--

43+/-5%

+5%

[7] All error figures in the table are calculated at 95% confidence level. "95% confidence level" means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Media can state "sampling error of percentages not more than +/-4% and sampling error of net values not more than +/-6% at 95% confidence level" when quoting the above figures. The error margin of previous survey can be found at the POP Site.
[8] Collapsed from a 5-point scale.
[9] The sample size for each question varies, but has been controlled to no less than 500. Corresponding sampling errors have all been given.
[10] Comparison made with survey findings of 25-27/5/13.
[11] Such changes have gone beyond the sampling errors at the 95% confidence level, meaning that they are statistically significant prima facie. However, whether numerical differences are statistically significant or not is not the same as whether they are practically useful or meaningful.

 

Herewith the findings of Hong Kong people’s feelings towards the governments and peoples of 12 regions and countries other than the four cross-strait regions. They are ranked according to the net values of Hong Kong people's feelings towards their people, in descending order:

 

 

 


Date of survey

23-30/5/12

16-20/11/12

25-27/5/13

22-28/11/13

Sample base

1,052

1,024

1,031

1,030

Overall response rate

67.3%

65.9%

67.3%

66.3%

Feeling towards different governments / peoples [13]

Finding

Finding

Finding

Base[14]

Finding and error[12]

Latest change[15]

Net difference with gov’ts / peoples

Singapore

People Positive

61%[16]

58%

62%

623

71+/-4%

+9%[16]

+4%

People Negative

4%

1%[16]

3%[16]

623

2+/-1%

-1%

Net value

57%

57%

59%

--

70+/-4%

+11%[16]

Government Positive

59%

58%

59%

623

70+/-4%

+11%[16]

-4%

Government Negative

7%

6%

7%

623

4+/-2%

-3%[16]

Net value

52%

52%

52%

--

66+/-4%

+14%[16]

Canada

People Positive

52%[16]

49%

51%

639

60+/-4%

+9%[16]

+5%

People Negative

2%

1%

2%

639

1+/-1%

-1%

Net value

50%

48%

49%

--

59+/-4%

+10%[16]

Government Positive

48%

49%

51%

639

55+/-4%

+4%

-5%

Government Negative

3%

1%[16]

2%

639

2+/-1%

--

Net value

45%

48%

49%

--

54+/-4%

+5%[16]

Australia

People Positive

50%[16]

47%

49%

623

58+/-4%

+9%[16]

+12%

People Negative

2%

2%

3%

623

1+/-1%

-2%[16]

Net value

48%

45%

46%

--

57+/-4%

+11%[16]

Government Positive

42%[16]

41%

46%[16]

623

48+/-4%

+2%

-12%

Government Negative

4%

2%[16]

3%

623

3+/-1%

--

Net value

38%

39%

43%

--

45+/-4%

+2%

United Kingdom

People Positive

45%

41%

44%

662

54+/-4%

+10%[16]

+10%

People Negative

5%

4%

4%

662

4+/-2%

--

Net value

40%

37%

40%

--

49+/-5%

+9%[16]

Government Positive

44%[16]

39%[16]

41%

662

50+/-4%

+9%[16]

-10%

Government Negative

9%

6%[16]

9%[16]

662

10+/-2%

+1%

Net value

35%

33%

32%

--

40+/-5%

+8%[16]

South Korea

People Positive

49%[16]

39%[16]

45%[16]

600

52+/-4%

+7%[16]

+5%

People Negative

7%

7%

7%

600

7+/-2%

--

Net value

42%

32%[16]

38%[16]

--

45+/-5%

+7%[16]

Government Positive

35%

32%

40%[16]

600

47+/-4%

+7%[16]

-5%

Government Negative

14%

10%[16]

10%

600

7+/-2%

-3%[16]

Net value

21%

22%

30%[16]

--

39+/-5%

+9%[16]

Germany

People Positive

39%[16]

33%[16]

39%[16]

654

43+/-4%

+4%

+2%

People Negative

4%

2%[16]

3%

654

3+/-1%

--

Net value

35%

31%

36%[16]

--

41+/-4%

+5%[16]

Government Positive

36%[16]

31%[16]

34%

654

42+/-4%

+8%[16]

-2%

Government Negative

8%

3%[16]

5%

654

3+/-1%

-2%[16]

Net value

28%

28%

29%

--

39+/-4%

+10%[16]

USA

People Positive

38%

35%

33%

618

47+/-4%

+14%[16]

+48%

People Negative

12%

11%

12%

618

11+/-3%

-1%

Net value

26%

24%

21%

--

36+/-5%

+15%[16]

Government Positive

20%

23%

21%

618

24+/-3%

+3%

-48%

Government Negative

37%

32%[16]

32%

618

36+/-4%

+4%

Net value

-17%

-9%[16]

-11%

--

-12+/-6%

-1%

Japan

People Positive

57%

42%[16]

43%

594

49+/-4%

+6%[16]

+85%

People Negative

8%

13%[16]

15%

594

15+/-3%

--

Net value

49%

29%[16]

28%

--

34+/-6%

+6%

Government Positive

21%[16]

11%[16]

11%

594

12+/-3%

+1%

-85%

Government Negative

41%[16]

56%[16]

59%

594

63+/-4%

+4%

Net value

-20%

-45%[16]

-48%

--

-51+/-6%

-3%

France

People Positive

32%[16]

26%[16]

27%

689

33+/-4%

+6%[16]

+11%

People Negative

10%

6%[16]

7%

689

7+/-2%

--

Net value

22%

20%

20%

--

26+/-4%[17]

+6%[16]

Government Positive

18%[16]

16%

18%

689

24+/-3%

+6%[16]

-11%

Government Negative

19%

8%[16]

9%

689

9+/-2%

--

Net value

-1%

8%[16]

9%

--

15+/-4%

+6%[16]

Thailand

People Positive

41%

39%

35%

633

38+/-4%

+3%

+37%

People Negative

11%

8%[16]

9%

633

12+/-3%

+3%

Net value

30%

31%

26%

--

26+/-4%[17]

--

Government Positive

24%[16]

23%

19%[16]

633

20+/-3%

+1%

-37%

Government Negative

30%

19%[16]

24%[16]

633

32+/-4%

+8%[16]

Net value

-6%

4%[16]

-5%[16]

--

-11+/-6%

-6%

Italy

People Positive

24%

22%

26%[16]

618

30+/-4%

+4%

+15%

People Negative

8%

6%

7%

618

6+/-2%

-1%

Net value

16%

16%

19%

--

24+/-4%

+5%[16]

Government Positive

17%[16]

14%

18%[16]

618

20+/-3%

+2%

-15%

Government Negative

14%[16]

13%

11%

618

10+/-2%

-1%

Net value

3%

1%

7%[16]

--

9+/-4%

+2%

The Philippines

People Positive

17%

15%

11%[16]

678

21+/-3%

+10%[16]

+78%

People Negative

38%

29%[16]

41%[16]

678

32+/-4%

-9%[16]

Net value

-21%

-14%[16]

-30%[16]

--

-11+/-5%

+19%[16]

Government Positive

3%

2%

1%

678

1+/-1%

--

-78%

Government Negative

83%[16]

76%[16]

87%[16]

678

90+/-2%

+3%[16]

Net value

-80%

-74%[16]

-86%[16]

--

-89+/-3%

-3%

[12] All error figures in the table are calculated at 95% confidence level. "95% confidence level" means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times, using the same questions each time but with different random samples, we would expect 95 times getting a figure within the error margins specified. Media can state "sampling error of percentages not more than +/-4% and sampling error of net values not more than +/-6% at 95% confidence level" when quoting the above figures. The error margin of previous survey can be found at the POP Site.
[13] Collapsed from a 5-point scale.
[14] The sample size for each question varies, but has been controlled to no less than 500. Corresponding sampling errors have all been given.
[15] Comparison made with survey findings of 25-27/5/13.
[16] Such changes have gone beyond the sampling errors at the 95% confidence level, meaning that they are statistically significant prima facie. However, whether numerical differences are statistically significant or not is not the same as whether they are practically useful or meaningful.
[17] In one decimal place, the respective net values of people’s feeling towards the people of France and Thailand are positive 26.1 and 25.8 percentage points. Thus, they are ranked ninth and tenth respectively..

 

Our latest findings showed that, as regards the results of people’s feeling towards different peoples, 56% felt positive towards Hong Kong people themselves while the net value is positive 45 percentage points. For the other cross-strait regions, the corresponding positive figures for the Mainland, Taiwan and Macau peoples were 27%, 60% and 57% while their net values are negative 5, positive 56 and 54 percentage points respectively. As for the feelings on peoples of other regions and countries, the net values for Singapore, Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom, South Korea and Germany were highest, with positive 70, 59, 57, 49, 45 and 41 percentage points respectively, while those for the United States, Japan, Thailand, France and Italy were positive 36, 34, 26, 26 and 24 percentage points correspondingly. Lastly, the net value of feeling towards the people of the Philippines is negative 11 percentage points only.

 

Regarding the results of people’s feeling towards different governments, 27% felt positive towards the HKSAR government while the net value is negative 13 percentage points. For the other cross-strait governments, the corresponding positive figures for the Mainland, Taiwan and Macau governments were 28%, 37% and 52% while their net values are negative 9, positive 22 and 43 percentage points respectively. As for the feelings on other governments, the net values for Singapore and Canada were the highest, with positive 66 and 54 percentage points correspondingly, while those for Australia, the United Kingdom, South Korea, Germany, France and Italy were positive 45, 40, 39, 39, 15 and 9 percentage points correspondingly, those for Thailand, the United States and Japan were negative 11, 12 and 51 percentage points correspondingly. Lastly, the net value of feeling towards the Filippino government is negative 89 percentage points.



Opinion Daily

In January 2007, POP opened a feature page called "Opinion Daily" at the "POP Site", to record significant events and selected polling figures on a day-to-day basis, in order to let readers judge by themselves the reasons for the ups and downs of different opinion figures. In July 2007, POP collaborated with Wisers Information Limited whereby Wisers supplies to POP each day starting from July 24, a record of significant events of that day, according to the research method designed by POP. These daily entries would be uploaded to "Opinion Daily" as soon as they are verified by POP.

 

For the polling items covered in this press release, the previous survey was conducted from May 25 to 27, 2013 while this survey was conducted from November 22 to 28 2013. During this period, herewith the significant events selected from counting newspaper headlines and commentaries on a daily basis and covered by at least 25% of the local newspaper articles. Readers can make their own judgment if these significant events have any impacts to different polling figures.

22/11/13

Li Fei, deputy secretary general of the National People's Congress Standing Committee, expresses his views on basic requirements of the Chief Executive election by universal suffrage.

12/11/13

The Third Plenary Session of the 18th Communist Party of China Central Committee ends.

7/11/13

Legislative Council veto the use of the Privilege act to investigate the government’s decision on issuing free television licenses.

6/11/13

Thousands of people demonstrate outside the Government Headquarters to protest against its decision on issuing free television licences.

17/10/13

Leung Chun-ying announces that public consultation on political reform will begin by year-end.

15/10/13

Government issues two new free television licenses; Wong Wai-kay's application is rejected.

11/10/13

Leung Chun Ying clarifies that the governement did not put Manila bus hostage crisis behind.

10/10/13

Li Keqiang urges Aquino to settle Manila bus hostage crisis as soon as possible.

8/10/13

Aquino refuses to apologize on Manila bus hostage crisis.

19/8/13

Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong announces plans to expand the airport and housing policy reform.

7/7/13

Two Chinese are killed in plane crash at San Francisco.

23/6/13

Snowden flees to Moscow.

15/6/13

US enterprises help the US governemnt to gather users' data.

10/6/13

Snowden, whistle-blower of US massive surveillance programme flees to Hong Kong.

8/6/13

China and US build new type of power relationship.



Commentary

Note: The following commentary was written by Director of POP Robert Chung.

 

Our latest survey shows that in terms of net affinity Hong Kong people feel much more positively about other peoples than their governments. Regarding the four cross-strait societies, the net affinity of Hong Kong people towards fellow Hong Kong people is 58 percentage points higher than that towards the Hong Kong SAR government, that towards Taiwan people is 34 percentage points higher than that towards the Taiwan government, that towards Macau people is 11 percentage points higher than that towards the Macau government, that towards Mainland Chinese people is 4 percentage points higher than that towards the Mainland Chinese government. It should be noted that the net value of Hong Kong people’s affinity towards Mainland Chinese has improved from negative 15 percentage points 6 months ago to negative 5 percentage points this time.

 

As for countries and regions outside the cross-strait regions, Hong Kong people seem to dislike the governments of the Philippines, Japan, the United States and Thailand whereas they seem to like all peoples rather than dislike them, except with the people of the Philippines. These findings are worth studying by various governments.

 

Moreover, compared to 6 months ago, Hong Kong people’s positive feelings towards the governments of Singapore, Canada and Australia, and their negative feelings towards the governments of Japan and the Phlippines, in terms of net values, are all at their new highs since 1997. Among them, their net negative feeling towards the Filippino government has reached 89 percentge points, which warrants attention. As for other reasons affecting the ups and downs of various figures, readers can make their own judgment using detailed records shown in our ‘Opinion Daily’ feature page. It should be noted, however, that our survey only covers regions and countries best known to Hong Kong people. Hong Kong people may well like or dislike other places much more, but because they are not the most well-known places, they do not appear on the list by design.



Future Releases (Tentative)
  • December 5, 2013 (Thursday) 1pm to 2pm: Popularity of disciplinary forces

  • December 10, 2013 (Tuesday) 1pm to 2pm: Popularity of CE and Principal Officials


| Abstract | Latest Figures | Opinion Daily | Commentary | Future Releases (Tentative) |
Detailed Findings (Feeling towards different governments/Feeling towards different peoples) |